2013年英语专业四级真题及答案(完形填空)

发布日期:2014年06月20日
分享到:

PART III CLOZE [15 MIN]

  Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two.

  Everyone knows that taxation is necessary in a modern state: without it, it (31) ______ not be possible to pay the soldiers and policemen who protect us; (32) ______ the workers in government offices who (33) ______ our health, our food, our water, and all the other things that we cannot do for ourselves. (34) ______ taxation, we pay for things that we need just (35) ______ we need somewhere to live and something to eat. But (36) ______ everyone knows that taxation is necessary, different people have different ideas about (37) ______ taxation should be arranged.

  In most countries, a direct tax on (38) ______, which is called income tax, (39) ______. It is arranged in such (40) ______ that the poorest people pay nothing, and the percentage of tax grows (41) ______ as the taxpayer's income grows. In some countries, for example, the tax on the richest people (42) ______ as high as ninety-five per cent!

  (43) ______ countries with taxation nearly (44) ______ have indirect taxation too. Many things imported into the country have to pay taxes or “duties.” Of course, it is the men and women who buy these imported things in the shops (45) ______ really have to pay the duties, in the (46) ______ of higher prices. In some countries, (47) ______, there is a tax on things sold in the shops. If the most necessary things are taxed, a lot of money is (48) ______ but the poor people suffer most. If unnecessary things (49) ______ jewels and fur coats are taxed, less money is obtained but the tax is (50) ______, as the rich pay it.

  31.

  A. can

  B. may

  C. could

  D. would

  32.

  A. nor

  B. neither

  C. never

  D. not

  33.

  A. look into

  B. look over

  C. look after

  D. look through

  34.

  A. In accordance with

  B. By means of

  C. With reference to

  D. On account of

  35.

  A. as well as

  B. as good as

  C. as such as

  D. as much as

  36.

  A. if

  B. when

  C. though

  D. as

  38.

  A. persons

  B. sectors

  C. communities

  D. classes

  39.

  A. remains

  B. stays

  C. exists

  D. happens

  40.

  A. form

  B. way

  C. measure

  D. method

  41.

  A. quicker

  B. speedier

  C. more

  D. larger

  42.

  A. grows up

  B. increases up

  C. goes up

  D. lifts up

  43.

  A. But

  B. Consequently

  C. Similarly

  D. And

  44.

  A. periodically

  B. almost

  C. often

  D. always

  45.

  A. which

  B. who

  C. what

  D. whom

  46.

  A. manner

  B. form

  C. means

  D. way

  47.

  A. either

  B. also

  C. too

  D. often

  48.

  A. lent

  B. saved

  C. borrowed

  D. collected

  49.

  A. alike

  B. like

  C. as

  D. for

  50.

  A. heavier

  B. fairer

  C. finer

  D. better