2012年英语专业八级真题(4)

发布日期:2014年06月21日
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PART III GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (10 MIN)

  There are ten multiple-choice questions in this section. Mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  31. The Maori people are natives of

  A. Australia. B. Canada. C. Ireland. D. New Zealand.

  32. The British monarch is the Head of

  A. Parliament. B. State. C. Government. D. Cabinet.

  33. Americans celebrate Independence Day on

  A. July 4th. B. October 11th. C. May 31st. D. September 6th.

  34. Canada is bounded on the north by

  A. the Pacific Ocean. B. the Atlantic Ocean.

  C. the Arctic Ocean. D. the Great Lakes.

  35. Who is the author of The Waste Lana?

  A. George Bernard Shaw. B. W.B. Yeats.

  C. Dylan Thomas. D. T.S. Eliot.

  36. Which of the following novelists wrote The Sound and the Fury?

  A. William Faulkner. B. Ernest Hemingway.

  C. Scott Fitzgerald. D. John Steinbeck.

  37. "The lettuce was lonely without tomatoes and cucumbers for company" is an example of

  A. exaggeration. B. understatement.

  C. personification. D. synecdoche.

  38. In English ifa word begins with a [l] or a [r], then the next sound must be a vowel. This is a (n)

  A. assimilation rule. B. sequential rule. C.deletion rule. D. grammar rule.

  39. Which of the following is an example of clipping?

  A.APEC. B.Motel. C.Xerox. D.Disco.

  40. The type of language which is selected as appropriate to a particular type of" situation is called

  A. register. B. dialect. C. slang. D. variety.

 

PART IV PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION (15 MIN)

  The passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proof-read the passage and correct it in the following way:

  For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank

  provided at the end of the line.

  For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "L" sign and write the

  word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the

  line.

  For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the

  blank provided at the end of the line.

  EXAMPLE

  When A art museum wants a new exhibit, (1) an

  it never buys things in finished form and hangs (2) never

  them on the wall. When a natural history museum

  wants an exhibition, it must often build it. (3) exhibit

  Proofread the given passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO as instructed.

  The central problem of translating has always been whether to translate literally or freely. The argument has been going since at least the first (1) ______

  century B.C. Up to the beginning of the 19th century, many writers

  favoured certain kind of “free” translation: the spirit, not the letter; the (2) _______

  sense not the word; the message rather the form; the matter not (3) _______

  the manner. This is the often revolutionary slogan of writers who (4) _______

  wanted the truth to be read and understood. Then in the turn of 19th (5) _______

  century, when the study of cultural anthropology suggested that

  the linguistic barriers were insuperable and that the language (6) _______

  was entirely the product of culture, the view translation was impossible (7) _______

  gained some currency, and with it that, if was attempted at all, it must be as (8) _______

  literal as possible. This view culminated the statement of the (9) _______

  extreme “literalists” Walter Benjamin and Vladimir Nobokov.

  The argument was theoretical: the purpose of the translation, the

  nature of the readership, the type of the text, was not discussed. Too

  often, writer, translator and reader were implicitly identified with

  each other. Now, the context has changed, and the basic problem remains. (10)