英语四级阅读常见考点出处(下)

发布日期:2014年06月20日
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2013年12月英语四级六级考试日益临近,最后阶段的复习中要格外关注阅读题型的出题规律。本文中,新东方在线为大家分析英语四级阅读常见考点出处。

  常见阅读考点出处之三 — 特殊标记 

  细心的同学会在以前的四六级大纲中发现,快速阅读部分写到:“要求考生运用略读和查读的技能从篇章中获取信息。“考核学生利用各种提示,快速查找特定信息的能力。这些提示包括文中的以下信息:

  1. 数字

  2. 大写单词

  3. 段首或句首词等

  很显然,这一条不仅适用于快速阅读,也适用于仔细阅读。

  真题再现 

  例1:In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen(监督) “a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.” (2009.12, cet4)

  65. Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard as its vice-chancellor chiefly because _____.

  A. she was known to be good at raising money

  B. she could help strengthen its ties with Yale

  C. she knew how to attract students overseas

  D. she had boosted Yale’s academic status

  【答案】A

  【解析】文中提到,剑桥大学于2003年任命Alison Richard为副校长,而句中publicly stressed(公开强调)之后的内容即为任命她的原因,便是:在以前的岗位上她的监管使得“耶鲁的财政地位得到显著加强”。所以,推理可知,答案为A。

  例2:Richard Got professor of astrophysics at Princeton, hopes man will set up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, which would be a “life insurance policy against whatever catastrophes, natural or otherwise, might occur on Earth. (2008.6, cet6)

  66. According to Princeton professor Richard Gott, by setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, Humans_____.

  A. might survive all catastrophes on earth

  B. might acquire ample natural resources

  C. will be able to travel to Mars freely

  D. will move there to live a better life

  【答案】A

  【解析】题干中setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars可在原文中直接找到,原文中which引导的定语从句表示的内容就是setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars所带来的影响:人类能够应对地球上各种各样的灾难从而幸存下来。A选项中的survive all catastrophes on earth 是对原文的同义转述。

  常见阅读考点出处之四 — 标点符号 

  下面讲解阅读考点常考出处的最后一个特征:总有部分题目出自引人注目的 —— 标点符号处。在四六级阅读过程中,引人注目的标点符号,不得不关注的标点符号主要有两类:1. 引号;2. 小括号。

  1. 引号

  1)尤其是当引号表示着重强调时

  如:

  They are using fewer of the very deferential “women’s” forms, and even using the few strong forms that are know as “men’s” .

  2)某人说的话,能够集中表达一个事实或观点时

  如:

  "If it's a loss [where] you're not getting to work, and family relationships are breaking down as a result, then it's too much." said Maressa Orzack, a Harvard University professor.

  2. 小括号

  小括号()中间加一个汉语注释,非常容易引起大家的注意。此处就不赘述。我们还是通过真题举例来看具体考察情况吧。

  真题再现 

  例1(引号):Toebe also regularly visits a site where posters discuss Internet overuse. In August, when she first realized she had a problem, she posted a message on a Yahoo Internet addiction group with the subject line: "I have an Internet Addiction."(2010, 6, cet4)

  8. In one of the messages she posted on a website, Toebe admitted that she ______.

  【答案】had an Internet Addiction

  【解析】首先分析结构可知,本空所填内容是充当that宾语从句的谓语,主句的admitted表明谓语应用过去时。原文提到Toebe在雅虎的一个上网成瘾群里发了一条消息,引号中的内容为这条小的的主题:“我有网瘾”。由此可知,Toebe承认自己“上网成瘾”。故答案根据时态要求进行修改为:had an Internet Addiction.

  例2:(小括号)The use of deferential (敬重的) language is symbolic of the Confucian ideal of the woman, which dominates conservative gender norms in Japan. This ideal presents a woman who withdraws quietly to the background, subordinating her life and needs to those of her family and its male head. She is a dutiful daughter, wife, and mother, master of the domestic arts. The typical refined Japanese woman excels in modesty and delicacy; she “treads softly (谨言慎行)in the world,” elevating feminine beauty and grace to an art form.

  57. The first paragraph describes in detail ________.

  A. the standards set for contemporary Japanese women

  B. the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan

  C. the stereotyped role of women in Japanese families

  D. the norms for traditional Japanese women to follow

  【答案】D

  【解析】考点出处是第一段的总述话语,它介绍了日本女性在说话时使用敬语是女性完美标准的象征,其后面几句是对这种保守性别规范下女性美德的详细描述,所以正确答案为D。